Overview

It is the largest administrative division of Punjab. The division, headquartered at the city of Gujranwala, covers an area of 17,206 km2. It is administratively subdivided into 6 districts.

· Gujranwala District

· Gujrat District

· Sialkot District

· Hafizabad District

· Mandi Bahauddin District

· Narowal District

Gujranwala

The district lies in between two main cities, in North is the Gujrat and in South, there are Sheikhupura and Lahore. The Chenab River forms the Northern boundary of the district. Beyond the river, it is bounded by Gujrat and Mandi Bahauddin districts, on the East by Sialkot district, on the South by Sheikhupura district and on the West by Hafizabad district.

Gujranwala district spreads over an area of 3,622 square kilometers comprising of following seven Towns:

· Kamoke

· Nowshera Virkan

· Wazirabad

· Aroop Town

· Qila Daidar Singh Town

· Khiali Shah Pur Town

· Nandi Pur Town

The majority of the population lives in the rural areas and mainly earns their livelihood through agriculture and other allied disciplines. It has 9 Markaz, 97 Union Councils, 800 Villages with the total area of 892067 acres, out of which 783339 acres are cultivated.

Climate & Soil Conditions

The climate of the district is hot and dry during summer and moderately cold in winter. The summer season starts in April and continues till September. June is the hottest month with maximum and minimum temperatures of 40C and 27C respectively. Relief is only provided by occasional dust storms. The winter season begins in November and lasts till March. January is the coldest month. The maximum and minimum temperatures during this month are 19C and 5C respectively.

The monsoons set in July and continue till September. The eastern part of the district receives more rain. The average annual rainfall in the district is 888 millimeters. The soil is alluvial and fertile. It is a flat strip of land running roughly from East to West.

Agriculture

Rice, Wheat and Sugarcane are the main crops grown in the district. The source of irrigation is perennial and non perennial canals supplemented by tub wells. Rice and Wheat are major food crops while Rice dominates with earnings of about Rs.15 millions as foreign exchange. Besides, Jawar, Bajra, Mash, Moong, Masoor, Gram, Maize, Tobacco, Oil Seed such as Rape/Mustard and sunflower are also grown in minor quantities in the district.

Guavas and Citrus are main fruits grown in the district. Besides, Peaches, Jaman and Banana are also grown in minor quantities in the district. The major vegetables grown in the district are Potatoes, Cauliflower, Turnip, Onion, Peas, Carrot, Tomato, Ladyfinger and Garlic. Besides, Biter Gourd and Chilies are also grown in the district in minor quantities.

Industry

Gujranwala district is one of the major industrially developed districts of the country. It possess the requisite social/physical infrastructure and industrial base for the manufacture of specialized electrical/electronic products and industrial machinery to meet the overall requirement of the country such as distribution/power transformer, electricity/gas/water meters, circuit breakers, electric appliances, wires/cables, calculators, computers, machine tools, etc.

The following industries are identified for investment in district Gujranwala:


Auto Parts

Aluminum Conductors

Animal/Poultry Feed

Boilers

Copper Wire

Calculators

Cast Iron Pipe

Circuit Breaker

Cattle/Sheep/Goat Fattening Farm

Capacitors/Resisters/Transistors

Dairy Farm

Distribution/Power Transformer

Computers

Electric Motors/Turbines

Electricity/Gas/Water Meters

Fructose from Rice

Fruit Juices

Foundry and Forging

Generators

Leather Footwear

Leather Garments

Machine Tools

Meat/Poultry Processing

Material Testing Laboratory

Plastic Components for Electric Goods

Rice Bran Oil

Rice Husk Briquettes

T.V. Picture Tubes

Textile Machinery (Ring, Spinning Frames, Automatic Cone

Vegetable Dehydration

Video/Audio Cassettes


Gujrat

Gujrat is surrounded on the North-East by Jammu and Kashmir, on the North-West by river Jhelum which separates it from Jhelum district, on the East and South-East by river Chenab, separating it from the districts of Gujranwala and Sialkot, and on the West by Mandi Bahauddin district. District Gujrat spreads over an area of 3,192 square kilometers and comprises of the following tehsils:

· Gujrat

· Kharian

· Sarai Alamgir

Climate & Soil Conditions

This district has moderate climate, which is hot in summer and cold in winter. During peak summer, the day temperature shoots up to 45C, but the hot spells are comparatively shorter due to proximity of Azad Kashmir Mountains. The winter months are very pleasant and the minimum temperature may fall below 2C. The average rain-fall on the Kashmir border is over 100 cm, at Kharian it is 75 cm and at Gujrat it is 67 cm.

Natural Resources

o Agriculture

Major crops and fruits of district Gujrat are Wheat, Rice, Citrus and Guava. There are flour mills, rice husking units, vegetable ghee unit and wood pulp unit in the district.

o Forests

District Gujrat is quite rich in forest resources. The annual production of timber and fire-wood during 2000-2001 was 27000 and 68750 cubic feet respectively, which reflect very good prospects for wood seasoning / processing, furniture / flush doors / windows, particle / veneer board.

Industry

There are some important industries operating in district Gujrat such as auto tyres/tubes, textile, porcelain, tableware, pottery/ceramics, electric fans/motors/appliances, footwear, etc.

Sialkot

The Sialkot is an export oriented city of Pakistan, the per capita income of Sialkot is more than US$ 1200, which is the highest in Pakistan. Sialkot lies between North latitude 3 I .42 and 32.52 and coast longitude 74`.14`` and 75`.03``. River Chenab separates it from Gujrat district. It is situated at an altitude of 829 feet above sea level. The district spreads over an area of 5,354 sq kilometers and stretches from Ravi valley on the South East to the Chenab River on the North West. The Northern portion is very fertile and the Southern portion is less fertile.

The population of Sialkot is more than three million. 2830 government schools and a large quantity of private schools are trying to enhance academic education among the people of Sialkot. About 3,00,000 people are working directly or indirectly in industrial sector of Sialkot.

· Entrepreneur Profile of Sialkot

The Sialkot is an export-oriented city of Pakistan, where development of local cottage industries has assumed a model status for the developing world. The city is dotted with thousands of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises engaged in production of the following main commodities:


Sports Goods

Surgical Instruments

Leather Garments & Products

Sports wear

Badges and Military Uniform

Musical Instruments

Gloves

Cutlery & Utensils

Hosiery & Knitwear

Martial Arts Equipment and Uniforms


Industry

Currently, the firms registered with the Sialkot Chamber of Commerce & Industry in key disciplines are 6800.

Sports Goods Industry

The city of Sialkot has been a centre of excellence for the production of sports goods for more than 100 years. The first record of manufacturing of sports goods in Sialkot can be traced back to 1883 with the products such as cricket bats, hockey sticks, polo sticks etc. In 1918, a football was added and was supplied to British Army stationed at Singapore. Today the Sports Goods sector of Sialkot is at its climax as it has acquired an important place in international trade of sports goods.

Presently the Sports Goods Industry of Sialkot is supplying products to almost every country of the world, directly or indirectly. The products are mostly made for international markets and have received worldwide recognition because of the quality that goes into the selection of raw material, design, manufacturing processes and delivery to the customers.

Some of the world renowned brands who are sourcing a large portion of their supplies of sports goods from Sialkot are:


Adidas

Nike

Puma

Select

Lotto

Umbro

Mitre

Micassa

Diadora

Wilsons

Decathlo


More than 200,000 people are directly employed in the sports goods sector exporting sports goods worth US$ 450 million annually from around 2,400 companies. Sialkot caters more than 70% of total world demand for hand-stitched inflatable soccer balls i.e. around 40 million balls annually worth US$ 210 million. During the peak season, which repeats after 4 years on the occasion of FIFA World Cup, the production of inflatable balls exceeds 60 million per annum. These balls are produced by a workforce of around 60,000.

The sports goods sector also has a very strong international presence in the market. Before China’s massive entry into international trade a few years ago, Pakistan was the world’s largest exporter of gloves used by motor bikers, goalkeepers, baseball, boxing, shooting etc. Currently the exports value of gloves reaches to US$ 50 million per annum.

Articles of sportswear exported include:


Track suits

Football

Boxing

Cycling

Shorts

T-shirts

Wind Breakers

Judo/Karate Kits

Casual Wear

Stocking


Today a skilled workforce of more than 10,000 employees is directly engaged in the production of sportswear and its exports value reaches to US$ 100 million per annum.

Leather Garments

Leather garments sector is an important foreign exchange earner for the country. This sector is mainly scattered in two cities namely Sialkot and Karachi. As per the survey conducted by LIDO in 1997, there were a total of 355 units in the country out of which 186 are in Sialkot. In Sialkot approximately 12,000 people are directly employed by the sector. The leather garments entrepreneurs of Sialkot enjoy a distinctive edge over their counterparts in Karachi mainly due to expertise and skills they assimilated from the export culture of the city. Immaculate products of contemporary designs are crafted by using very good leathers. In addition the skills of the craftsmen impart an insurmountable competitive edge to the products unmatched by Pakistan’s competitors.

Another hallmark of the sector is the presence of SMEs, which have been performing the role as engine of growth by adapting to the changing market and customers trends in an agile manner. This sector is exporting goods worth US$ 217 (M) annually.

Surgical Instruments

The Surgical Instruments Industry of Pakistan holds a history of more than 100 years, when some British doctors got their surgical instruments repaired from the skilled workers of Sialkot and that was the foundation of Sialkot Surgical Industry. The success in surgical instruments sector lies due to the technical expertise and skills of the people of Sialkot in mechanical engineering. The Surgical instruments Industry is also amongst the seven priority sectors (under light engineering head). The annual exports of Sialkot’s Surgical Instruments Industry are around US $ 180 Million out of its world market of over US$ 30 (B).

The Surgical Industry represents manufacturers and exporters of Surgical Instruments, Dental Instruments, Veterinary Instruments, Pedicure and Manicure Items, Tailor Scissors, Barber Saloon Scissors and Beauty Saloon instruments. About 1900 small and medium Surgical Units with labor force ranging from (10-500) are producing surgical instruments through the workforce of about 100,000. The industry is manufacturing and exporting both disposable and reusable instruments which constitute at 60% and 40% respectively of its total exports of surgical industry. About 80% of Sialkot’s surgical instruments are exported to United States, Germany, United Kingdom, France, Italy, Dubai, Japan, and Netherlands and 20% to rest of the world.

· Exports from Sialkot

Almost every product of Sialkot is being exported to international markets due to which Sialkot is earning more than US$ 900 Million per annum and its share reaches to 6% of the total exports of Pakistan. Sialkot is the second largest exporting city of Pakistan. Almost 60% of total exports of Sialkot are done via Sialkot Dry Port Trust and 40% is exported from other ports like Lahore, Islamabad, Karachi, etc.

Hafizabad

The district Hafizabad has a total area of 2367 square kilometers and comprises of two tehsils:

· Hafizabad

· Pindi Bhattian

Hafizabad is famous for its rice production. The Hafizabad City Grain Market and Jalpur Bhattian Grain Market are the biggest rice export centers of the country. The majority of population in the district is Muslim, while Christians and Ahmadis inhabit the areas in small numbers with the share of 2.9% and 0.1%, respectively.

The district is located at a longitude between 73 0 -12 and 73 0 -46 East and at a latitude between 31 0 -45 and 32 0 -20 North. The district spread over an area of 2367 square kilometer. It is surrounded by Gujranwala to the East, Jhang, Sargodha and river Chenab to the West, Faisalabad to the South, Mandi Baha-ud-Din to the North West, and district Sheikhupra to the South East.

Climate & Soil Conditions

The climate of the district is hot and dry during the summer and moderately cold in the winter. Owing to the proximity of the hills there is more rainfall in the East than the Western part of the district. May and June are the hottest months with temperature rising up to 48C. Monsoon starts usually from the midst of July and continues till September. The soil is alluvial and fertile. It is a flat strip of land running roughly East to West.

The whole district is a flat alluvial plain divided between low lying alluvial bands and an uplands area. The district is irrigated largely through tube wells as well as to a lesser degree by the lower Chenab Canal.

· City of Rice

Hafizabad is known as “City of Rice” and is the biggest rice market in which following types of rice are cultivated:


  • Basmati 385
  • Basmati 386
  • Super Karnal
  • Ery Nine
  • Erey Six
  • Super Fan
  • KS 282

Rice occupies 2.5 million hectare that is 10.9% of the total cultivated area with production of 5.1 million tons of milled rice. In Pakistan’s agrarian economy rice plays multifarious roles.

· Firstly, it is second staple food and contributes to our national food requirement.

· Secondly, rice industry is an important source of employment and income for rural people.

· Thirdly, it contributes in the country's foreign exchange exchequer.

For instance, during 1999-2000 about 2 million tones rice of worth 26 billion rupees was exported. The barter trade on Afghanistan border was in addition to this export. The significance of this commodity in our economy is evident from the above facts. Therefore, it is imperative to focus on the efforts needed to further improve its competitiveness in the international market.

Narowal

Narowal District takes its name from its headquarters town. It is divided into two tehsils viz Narowal and Shakargarh. Before coming into being the district, both Narowal and Shakargarh were the tehsils of the district Sialkot. In 1991, Narowal district was created comprising Narowal and Shakargarh tehsils. Before independence of Pakistan, Shakargarh town was the headquarters of tehsil Shakargarh, which formed part of Gurdaspur district. Under the Radcliff Award, Shakargarh tehsil was transferred to Pakistan and attached with Sialkot district. Then in 1991, Shakargarh was attached with Narowal district. Now Shakargarh is functioning as tehsil in District Narowal. Narowal is functioning as a separate administrative district with effect from July 1, 1991.

Mandi Bahauddin

Today, Mandi Bahauddin is an overcrowded market town famous for its agricultural markets (Grain Market, Vegetable Market and Livestock Market) and local industry of making colorful bed legs.